Khaleej Times, Thursday, Jan 05, 2023 | Jamadi Al Thani 12, 1444
UAE law: 4 steps to follow after submitting labour complaint against employer
According to government authorities, UAE's laws guarantee the rights of both
employers and employees, especially if there is a labour dispute between the two
parties. Both are allowed to file a complaint with Ministry of Human Resources
and Emiratisation (MoHRE).
Once a complaint has been filed, it will be examined and settled amicably. In
the event that the dispute cannot be settled amicably, it will be referred to
According to Ministerial Resolution No. 47 of 2022 Regarding the Settlement of
Labour Disputes and Complaints Procedures, every worker whose labour complaint
has been referred to the Labour Court must do the following:
1. The worker must register the labour complaint with the competent court within
a maximum period of 14 days from the date of approving the referral to the
2. The employee must refrain from working for another employer without obtaining
a temporary work permit from the ministry.
3. The employee must submit a request to cancel the original work permit within
14 days from the date of issuance of the final judgement in the labour lawsuit,
in the event of termination of the work relationship between the two parties.
4. The employee must apply for a temporary work permit with a new employer
during the process of the labour case, except when he/she has been reported
absent by his/her employer.
In cases where the labour complaint leads to the worker's cessation of work,
his/her work permit will be cancelled after 6 months from the date of referring
the complaint to the labour court.Provisions as per the UAE Labour Law Article
54 of the Federal Decree Law No. 33 of 2021 on the Regulation of Labour
Relations in the Private Sector, the ‘UAE Labour Law’, provides that:
Labour cases referred to the court must be accompanied with a memo giving a
summary of the dispute, evidence of both parties and the comments of the labour
The competent court will, within three days from the date of receiving the
request, fix a hearing for the claim and notify the two parties.
According to Article 10, no claim for any rights due will be heard after one
year from the date of violation.
Additionally, Article 55 of the UAE Labour Law exempts workers or their heirs
from paying judicial fees at all stages of litigation and execution, for claims
less than Dh100,000.